Fixed Deposits in Companies earn a fixed return over a period of time. Financial institutions , Non-banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) also accept fixed deposits. It is governed by the Companies Act u/s 58A.FDs are unsecured which makes it risk-prone investment option.
However benefit of investing in FDs at High Interest rates, shorter tenure and no TDS if the interest income is upto Rs.5000/- in a financial year.
A Mutual Fund is a trust that pools the savings of a number of investors who share a common financial goal. The money thus collected is then invested in capital market instruments such as shares, debentures and other securities. The income earned through these investments and the capital appreciation realised are shared by its unit holders in proportion to the number of units owned by them.
Thus a Mutual Fund is the most suitable investment for the common man as it offers an opportunity to invest in a diversified, professionally managed basket of securities at a relatively low cost.
Capital bonds are being issued as 'Long term specified assets' within the meaning of Sub- Section 54-EC of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Those desirous of availing exemption from capital gains tax under Section 54 EC may invest in these bonds.
Capital gains arising from transfer of Long-term capital assets can be invested in these bonds within a period of six months from the date of transfer of the asset for getting exemption from the capital gains tax.Eg-REC & NHAI Bonds
Tax-free bonds are debt instruments that pay income that is exempt from federal and/or state income taxes. Tax free refers to certain types of goods and/or financial products (such as municipal bonds) that are not taxed and with earnings that are not taxed.
The tax free status of these goods and/or funds may incentivize individuals and business entities to increase spending or investing, resulting in economic stimulus. Governments will often provide a tax break to investors purchasing government bonds to ensure that enough funding will be available for expenditure projects.
NCD (Non Convertible Debentures) is essentially a debt instrument with a fixed tenure that pays a certain rate of interest monthly, quarterly, annually or at the end of the tenure.
The money invested is returned either over the tenure of the investment or at the end of the tenure (referred to as bullet payment). These are certificates issued by companies to raise funds through the public issue. These instruments cannot be converted into equity shares and usually carry higher interest rates than the convertible ones.
The Government of India 8% taxable saving bond 2003, is an instrument for those investors who are seeking a secured return with almost no risk. It is not a good option for those investors who are looking for capital appreciation or high and risk free returns
An Initial Public Offer is the selling of securities to the public in the primary market. It is the first time a company offers shares of stock to the public. Smaller, younger companies seeking capital to expand their business often consider venturing in IPOs. It is also referred to as a "Public Offering."
Private Placement is a way of raising capital through an offer for subscribing to securities by a select investor class such as banks, mutual funds, insurance companies and pension funds. Since here the securities are not made available for subscription to public at large in the open market but only to select specific investors, it is known as private placement.
Capital invested in a company that is not publicly traded on a stock exchange is known as Private Equity. It involves investors directly making investments into a private company or conduct buyouts of public companies resulting into the delisting of the public companies or significant minority investments in Public Companies holding non-tradable (i.e. Locked in) Equity. Capital for investment is usually raised from the institutional investors.
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